Severe malaria complicated by circulatory shock is known as algid malaria. Cases of severe imported malaria are seen increasingly frequently in emergency . Malaria, especially falciparum malaria, can cause various complications involving various systems of the body. Cerebral .. This is called “Algid Malaria”. The. Clinical features. Some patients are admitted in a state of collapse, with a systolic blood pressure less than 80 mmHg ( kPa) in the supine position (less than.

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Possible sites of associated infection should be sought, e.

Our case report discusses a patient with severe imported malaria complicated by shock, successfully managed with large-volume fluid resuscitation, hemodynamic optimization, early antimalarial agents, and broad-spectrum antibiotics.

Dehydration with hypovolaemia may also contribute to hypotension. Summary of the management of severe falciparum malaria.

Algid malaria | definition of algid malaria by Medical dictionary

If these are not available give isotonic saline. Some patients are admitted in a state of collapse, with a systolic blood pressure less than 80 mmHg Export document as PDF file. Severe malaria complicated by circulatory shock jalaria known as algid malaria. Clinical features and management of complications in adults.


A coma scale for children. Who is at risk? Special clinical features of severe malaria and management of common complications in children. Notes on antimalarial drugs. She was resuscitated with 5. Cases of severe imported malaria are seen kalaria frequently in emergency departments in the United States, Europe, and other locales.

[Algid malaria].

Measurement of central venous pressure. This lagid questions the strategy of cautious fluid resuscitation in algid malaria and suggests that case series comparing goal-directed resuscitation to historic controls along with prospective multicenter controlled trials should be conducted to determine the best fluid resuscitation strategy.

Circulatory collapse is also seen in patients with pulmonary oedema or metabolic acidosis, and following massive gastrointestinal haemorrhage or ruptured spleen. Management of Severe Algkd Abnormal bleeding and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Special clinical features and management of severe malaria in pregnancy. Common errors in diagnosis and management. In some countries this clinical picture is often associated with a complicating Gram-negative septicaemia.

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The optimal volume resuscitation strategy for patients with severe malaria is not well-defined. A year-old woman, who immigrated 2 weeks ago from Niger, Africa, presented to the emergency department of an urban teaching hospital with fever, hypotension, and malaise.


Although not identical, the late inflammatory response in severe malaria leading to capillary permeability shares many similarities with the immunologic response in bacterial sepsis. The Glasgow coma scale.

Algid malaria treated with early goal-directed therapy.

Setting up an intra-osseous infusion in children. Haematological and biochemical findings. She had rapid reversal of circulatory shock, cleared her parasitemia in less than 48 hours with antimalarial therapy, and was discharged home on hospital day 6 in good condition.

Fluid and electrolyte disturbances.

Table 1 Antimalarial chemotherapy of severe falciparum malaria. Cannulating the femoral vein.

The optimal resuscitation strategy for algid malaria is unknown, and volume restriction has been advocated as a maalaria to prevent life-threatening cerebral and pulmonary edema.